Acute bronchitis: Cough and occasionally sputum production more than 3 weeks.
Chronic bronchitis: cough with sputum expectoration at least 3 months a year.
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Muscle ache
- Extreme fatigue
- Pharyngeal erythema
- Localized lymphadenopathy
- Coarse ronchi/wheeze which change location with cough.
The cells of bronchial lining irritated and become hyperemic, edematous, reduced mucociliary function. Then clogged by debris, and cause copious mucus production.
- Viruses (most common)
- Cigarette smoking
- Occupational exposure
- Avoid smoking and second hand smoke
- Live in clean environment
- Influenza vaccine
- Pneumonia vaccine if >65 year old with comorbid.
- Symptomatic treatment.
- Sputum culture might be helpful.
- Antibiotics if bacterial etiology or patient >65 year old.
- Mucolytic, expectorant.
- NSAIDs for pain.
- Short acting beta agonist and corticosteroid if SOB.